International Issues

     
Arms Control and Proliferation

Since the 1950's an important national security concern has been limiting the spread of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. Furthermore, the immediacy nor gravity of the proliferation threats to America has not declined since the end of the Cold War a decade ago. Presently, more confrontational and hostile to this nation are many hostile states once aligned with the former Soviet Union and restrained by it such as Iraq, North Korea and Syria.

Third world countries have been allowed greater access to the Soviet Union's sophisticated weapons technologies after its collapse. Relatively early to obtain have been many highly destructive weapons and technologies. Ballistic missiles currently are possed by some two dozen states. Capable of becoming, in the wrong hand, tools to undermine or destroy American defense systems are rapidly advancing information and space-based technologies.

The American Voice Institute of Public Policy believes a new policy that is balanced as well as comprehensive is required to address the multiple threats to U.S. security posed by the proliferation of sophisticated weapons and weapons technology. It believes to stem proliferation a comprehensive policy would utilize all tools available to policymakers. Deterrance defenses, offensive military capabilities and arms control are included in these tools.

International Trade and the World Economy

The American Voice Institute of Public Policy believes that a strong President is required to enact free trade iniatives that promote relations with other nations, regions and multilateral organizations.

The United States lost much of its momentum in pursuing new avenues of trade by opening foreign markets to American goods and services after its successful trade initiatives of the early 1990's.

To maintain a strong, leading presence in the world economy, the United States must adhere to free-market policies as it faces many potentially explosive issues from agricultural disputes amid the rising power of the European Union (EU) to negotiations with the Chinese on further opening this economy.

Vitally important to America's future is the outcome of the national debate on trade policy. The American Voice believes that the United States must embrace free trade as key to its continuing prosperity and not erect protectionist walls that harm American consumers. For the quality of life and the prosperity of American false moves on the trade front could have disastrous consequences.

Across a broad spectrum of market sectors, the Administration should press for lower trade barriers at every opportunity. Also, it must keep the World Trade Organization focused on lowering trade barriers on a multilateral basis, its main objective. Additionally, with the United Kingdom it should conclude a free trade agreement. To trade difference and promote trade liberalization the United States should utilize the mechnism of the World Trade Organization (WTO), rather than bilateral sanctions with the EU and other European countries. The Administration should pursue free-trade agreements. By 2005, a Free Trade Agreement of the Americas (FTAA) should be pursued and implemented by the Administration.

The Administration must build a consensus on free trade in Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) through careful, quick consultation.

Fast-track negotiating authority should be pursued by the administration.

International Terrorism

For more than 30 years, international terrorism has threatened the Western democracies. To undermine the stability and strength of Western and pro-Western governments, the Soviet Union and its allies supported terrorist groups in the West and in the Third World during the Cold War. From radical states such as Iran and Iraq and from radical anti-Western movements like the Islamic radicals led be renegade Saudi millionaire Osamau Bin Lenand the Chief terrorist threats have come increasingly after the decline of Communist-supported terrorism after the implosion of the Soviet bloc. For example, Bin Haden is suspected of having masterminded the bombing of the U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Tanzania, Darases Salaam, and Kenya that killed 301 people, including 12 Americans in August 1998.

Virtually all contemporary societies are threatened in varying degrees by international terrorists. To U.S. economic, political and security interest terrorism, a form of low-intensity warfare has been a persistent threat.

It is believed by the American Voice Institute of Public Policy that Washington must maintain relentless pressure against terrorist groups and the states that support them to protect Americans against the threat of international terrorism. The United States must use diplomatic, economic and military pressure to penalize the states that support terrorism in addition to seeking the arrest and punishment of individual terrorists.

Globalism

Recently, a German sociologist noted that, "The internationalization of decisions and activities almost invariably means a loss of democracy." (Rolf Dahrendorf, "The Third Way and Liberty," Foreign Affairs, Vol. 78, No. 5 (September/October 1999), P. 16) The United States has become increasingly entangled in vaguely defined global initiatives, that have subordinated its national interests to various international groups agenda over the past seven years.

Often diverting attention away from important foreign policy issues as well as undermines national sovereignty is the support of those agendas. Also, the economy of the U.S. could be adversely affected. For example, despite the fact that the 1997 Koyto Protocol to the United States Framework Convention on Climage Change, other Clinton administration's propensity for embracing internationalism over national priorities has translated into decisions to implement U.S. national interests would be undermined by many of these types of agreements and substantial economic costs for Americans would be involved.

The American Voice Institute of Public Policy believes that to ensure that the independence and sovereignty of the United States will not be sacrificed on the globalism altar, important roles will be played by both Congress and the Administration in assuring that foreign policy initiatives advance vital national interests rather than international agendas, Congress must be especially vigilent.

By a vigilant assertion of its constitutional authorities, particularly its power of funding, and other legislative vehicles like hearings, it can accomplish this.

The American Voice Institute of Public Policy believes that Congress should fight for forms in the United Nations. Also, it should ensure that international peacekeeping operations do not harm morale or military preparedness. For operations that lack clearly defined and attainable goals, that jeopardize the United States' ability to meet its security commitments, that fail to let the military create its own conditions for success, that lack broad public support, that do not advance national security interests it should oppose funding.

Efforts to adopt unilaterally the standards and restrictions of international environmental agreements that are unnecessary are not based on sound science, are likely to cost Ameircans far more than their expected benefits or are not likely to accomplish their state goals, Congress should oppose.

Finally, the American Voice Institute of Public Policy believes that Congress must recognize that anti-thetical to the right of self-government and to the civil liberties guaranteed in the U.S. Constitution in the Rome Statute establishing the International Criminal Court.

Its ratification must be opposed. Also, it must be clearly and consistently signaled to other states that its ratification will negatively affect their relations with America.