americanvoiceinstitue.++orgMonday, June Rutkowskvih =p

ome have that when her and 1/2 the region's As of yet another 900 t





Monday, January 22, 2018

60,069,971 Abortions in America Since Roe v. Wade in 1973

Pray for the California Mudslide Victims

On March 20, 1780, Abigail Adams wrote to her son, John Quincy Adams:

The only sure and permanent foundation of virtue is religion. Let this important truth be engraven upon your heart..... Justice, humanity and benevolence are the duties you owe to society in general. To your Country the same duties are incumbent upon you with the additional obligation of sacrificing ease, pleasure, wealth and life itself its defense and security.

Monday, January 22, 2018

Kirsten I Love You. Joel


E-NewsBriefing Posted For Friday, January 19, 2018

Wednesday, January 17, 2018

Capital Hill Review Wednesday, January 17, 2018

Monday, January 15, 2018

Capital Hill Review Monday, January 15, 2018

Saturday, January 13, 2017

Personal Health

Capital Hill Review Friday, January 12, 2018

Christians have a Non-Biblical Worldview Because They Live Their Lives For Self And Not Jesus Christ

Monday, January 22, 2018

Limited Posting Today.

Monday, January 22, 2018

Limited Posting Today.

Sunday, January 21, 2018

Shutdown to Go Into Monday as Senate Inches Toward Deal

Senate adjourns without deal to end government shutdown; vote postponed until noon Monday

Eagles Dominate Vikings to Reach Super Bowl LII

Turkish military enters Syrian province after days of airstrikes

Is America's Alliance with Turkey Worth It?

Turkey: 90,000 mosques pray Qur'anic “conquest” prayers calling on Muslims to be “ruthless against unbelievers”

BBC describes Muslim migrant jihad bomber as “Surrey teenager”

Trump's U.K. Visit Should Be Welcomed, British Foreign Secretary Says in Telegraph

Women protest 'him' and celebrate #MeToo

Trump would protect 'Dreamers' for border wall: WH

Trump launches new round of partisan attacks as government shutdown enters Day 2

As women march a year after Trump's election, his approval with some men grows

White House targets filibuster, calls for 'nuclear option' as shutdown enters day 2

Franklin Graham Gives Trump 'the Benefit of the Doubt' on Stormy Daniels

Eric Trump on Fox News: Shutdown is "good thing for us" politically

Obama Mocked Trump's Political Ambitions. Trump Spent His First Year Undoing Obama's Legacy

Poll: Optimism at 17-Year High, But Little Credit for Trump

Police discover 6-foot crocodile during weapons raid on home in Russia

RT Rips Trump on First Year

Wasting Away in Chuckschumerland

…Chuck Todd: Cotton Accused Durbin, Graham of Lying

New ad calling Dems 'complicit' won't work: Durbin  (US Senator of Illinois Richard Durbin (D)

Senator Chuck Schumer Providing Backdrop for Women's March 2018 (Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer (D-New York)

Drama for Fauxcahontas: Warren Under Pressure to Address Ancestry Lie

Which Senators Are Going Without Pay During Shutdown?

Social Security's Death Knell Is Ringing. Can You Hear It?

Trump Is Letting Alaskans Build A Road That Would Have Saved Eighteen Lives

Tom Brady rescues Patriots with masterful rally past Jaguars for Super Bowl return



Live on the Senate floor, a shutdown drama of personalities and power

CNN Has Jumped The Shark

CNN Panics, Suggests Government Shutdown Will Leave Earth Vulnerable To ASTEROIDS

CNN Reporter: Russia Is 'All We Talk About At CNN,' But Voters 'Don't Care'

NYT, AP, Bloomberg, And Legacy Media Blame Dems For Gov't Shutdown

More than 25,000 Murdered in Mexico in 2017, Country's Deadliest Year

The Government Shutdown Will Further Weaken Our Military

Pentagon Papers Leaker Calls for NK Leaks to Avoid Nuclear War

Mulvaney Calls Bullsh*t: Schumer Only Offered to ‘Authorize' Wall Funding, Not Actually Spend Money (Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney)




Pastor Found Dead in Tamil Nadu, India

Davos Offers Modi Stage to Push Muscular Vision for India (Prime Minister Narendra Modi)

Indonesia: Mosque cuts down pine trees because they resembled Christmas trees

Pence warns Egypt, Jordan: The Palestinians would pay more for continuing to fight Trump's policies (Vice-President Mike Pence)

PLO ditches Trump, undermines future UN and EU support  (“Palestine” Liberation Organization (PLO)

Palestine's Outdated Leadership Threatens Its Future

Christian Tourists See Deep Meaning in Trump's Jerusalem Move

 Jordan's king delivers pointed public remarks to Pence in wake of Jerusalem decision (Vice-President Mike Pence)

Mulvaney: Trump won't ‘weaponize' shutdown like Obama did in 2013; thinks stalemate stops Monday (Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney)

Angela Merkel Inches Closer to Germany Coalition Government (German Chancellor Angela Merkel)

German city bans new “refugees” after two Muslim migrant assaults on non-Muslims

Can Anything Good Come from CO2?

Illinois Democrat: Let Trump build 'offensive' wall if 800K DACA recipients stay protected (US Representative of Illinois Luis Gutierrez (D)

Ryan says House would back short-term shutdown deal  (Speaker of the House Paul Ryan (R-Wisconsin)

ICE Is Enforcing Deportation Orders Against High-Profile Illegal Immigrant Activists


Texts from FBI agent taken off Muller team  (Justice Department special counsel former FBI Director Robert Mueller)

A war of words on college campuses

You can't often touch a piece of history, but 3D printed artifacts are teaching kids about slavery

Stanford: Fascist professor David Palumbo-Liu calls for suppression of views that dissent from the hard-Left line

Germany, Switzerland and the Netherlands: Between 80% and 99% of Muslim migrants unemployed

France: Muslim screaming “Allahu akbar” defaces church facade, given psychiatric examination

France: Muslim who pledged allegiance to the Islamic State had bomb-making materials in his house


More than 40 dead after gunmen storm hotel in Afghanistan

Kabul Intercontinental Hotel siege ends; attackers dead: government

Billionaire couple from Toronto was murdered by multiple people, private investigators say

Britain, Canada join US in warning visitors against leaving Jamaica resorts

Republicans, Democrats return to Congress in attempt to end shutdown, secure spending deal

Democrats must embrace DREAMers or face doom, says secret left-wing memo

Republican Recovery? Polls Suggest TAX CUT Has Revived GOP Support


Sunday, January 21, 2018

Thousands raise voice against abortion in San Diego Walk for Life

Tim Kaine, self-described pro-life Catholic, doesn't mention abortion at pro-choice Women's March  (US Senator of Virginia Timothy Kaine (D)

Women's abortion stories are still underrepresented on TV

Roe v. Wade Lawyer 'Amazed' Americans Still Fighting Over Abortion

3 Abortion Clinic Volunteers Share What They Want You To Know About Their Jobs

Anti-abortion demonstrators rally in Phoenix as part of March for Life movement

In Kabul, Gunmen Storm Intercontinental Hotel

Attackers storm hotel in Kabul

Americans, Canadians kidnapped in Nigeria freed

Billionaire and wife may have been killed, conflicting with murder-suicide theory by cops

Protesters gather for a second Women's March in nation's capital

Deadly flu season particularly rough on kids -- and won't peak anytime soon

China says US warship violated its South China Sea sovereignty

Congressional leaders refuse to budge on shutdown's first day, but negotiations continue

Why does Congress still get paychecks during a shutdown? It's in the Constitution

Franklin Graham stands up for banned Christian-student group

School still attacking Bible-quoting cheerleaders

In Cairo, Pence praises the friendship and partnership between the US and Egypt (Vice-President Mike Pence)

Revealed: Dangerous spirituality pushed by top Dem presidential contender

20 handy things you didn't know Google Photos can do

Missouri Gov. Eric Greitens says "no blackmail," "no violence" in affair

GOP: Making memo public will prove Obama spied on Trump

Congressman Combating Harassment Settled His Own Misconduct Case

House sexual harassment overhaul sidelines ethics watchdog

‘Dreamer' shutdown halts E-Verify, a key illegal immigration enforcement tool

Blaze at firecracker factory kills 17

'Church of Cannabis' pastor running for office

US Army helicopter crash in California leaves 2 dead

Army strategizes for victory in cyberwar

'Steady as she goes:' Amid shutdown, Mattis says military operations will continue  (Secretary of Defense James Mattis)

Overseas military families lose AFN; access to other services remains unclear

Pence says troops should not have to worry about shutdown   (Vice-President Mike Pence)

Atlas 5 launches missile-detecting satellite

Many national parks open, but without rangers on duty

 In the crowd at Trump's inauguration, members of Russia's elite anticipated a thaw between Moscow and Washington

Vote on ending shutdown will happen by 1 a.m. Monday, McConnell says (Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Kentucky)

Schumer offered Trump something Democrats hate in return for something Republicans broadly like (Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer (D-New York)

Meet the NFL quarterback with his own book club

NHL Scoreboard

NBA Scoreboard

New York governor vows to keep Statue of Liberty open amid shutdown

N.J.'s first lady at Women's March: "I was sexually assaulted"

Serial plane stowaway foils TSA again

Turkey launches airstrikes in Syria against US-backed Kurdish fighters

Poll: Amid record low one-year approval, half question Trump's mental stability

A closer look at Trump's job rating over his first year

Trump slams Senate Democrats for government shutdown on anniversary of his inauguration

Report: Deutsche Bank Flags 'Suspicious' Kushner Company Transactions

Trump's first year in office has been a can't-miss drama

Barnette: My take on the presidency as an African-American mom and veteran

Islam Teaches Us That Life Is a Test. So Is This President.

Trump trolls women's marches amid global protests

Saturday, January 20, 2018

Personal Health

US official: Turkey's shelling of Afrin in Syria would hurt regional stability

Can Turkey be Part of the Solution in Iraq?

UN Chief Urges Tackling 'Inequality, Exclusion' In Central Asia, Afghanistan

Pope Francis in Peru urges society to combat 'scourge' of corruption

Playing McClellan to Trump's Grant: The NeverTrump Traitors

Canceled North Korean visit to prep for Olympics 'not permanent': South Korea ministry

The bloody rise and shocking fall of a US spymaster in Cold War Korea

Why It's Insane To Welcome North Korea To The Olympic Games

US trying to create alternative govt on Syrian land – Lavrov on Afrin crisis  (Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov)

The F-35: How Taiwan Could Really Push Back Against China

Hundreds of police in Thailand block anti-junta march

100 Houthis killed, 34 others detained in a week

Defense Department-Amazon Deal Risks Chinese Espionage

Mattis says a U.S. government shutdown would affect military operations  (Secretary of Defense James Mattis)

Watchdog Condemns Pakistan Move Against Radio Mashaal

The Pakistan Problem: Why America Can't Easily Cut Ties with Islamabad

Russian combat engineers test new advanced assault suit (Video)

In Search of Justice in France

Google Removes Fact-Check Feature Targeting Conservative Media

The Trump Tax Plan Has Failed the Average American

New footage shows Hamza bin Laden at his wedding in Iran

Twitter Says 667,775 Americans Followed Russian Tweets During 2016 Election

'Tragic' Measles Outbreak Kills Eight In Ukraine

Russian Trolls Found Amplifying U.S. Republican Charge Against FBI

How Donald Trump will Reverse Obama's Failed Foreign Policy Strategy

Martin Luther King Believed in the Civil Rights of the Unborn

29 of the Best Signs at the March for Life

At March for Life, Pam Tebow Recounts How Super Bowl Ad Saved Baby's Life

Cambodia's detained opposition leader rejects new opposition movement

North Korea's ICBM: They Can't Turn Los Angeles into Atomic Ash (Yet)

The most comprehensive look yet at how the Las Vegas concert massacre unfolded

Saturday, January 20, 2018

Trump becomes 1st  sitting president to address pro-life march

Trump gets mixed reviews from March for Life antiabortion protesters

Poll: Supermajority wants abortion limited to 1st  3 months

'I said, "what are we going to do about this?"': Trump's awkward Howard Stern remarks suggesting he considered ABORTING Tiffany come back to haunt him as he gives historic pro-life speech

New Trump initiatives: Wins for anti-abortion activists and 'conscience' objections

Before 'Roe v. Wade,' The Women of 'Jane' Provided Abortions For The Women Of Chicago

A New Approach To Abortion Polling?

Bipartisan Abortion Consensus Could Be Midterm Factor

Linking Youth Funding to Abortion Rights Spawns Backlash in Canada and Beyond...

Young women using ADHD medicine up 700 percent over 8 years, CDC report finds

Massive confusion spreads through federal bureaucracy ahead of shutdown deadline

Federal officials say flu epidemic has killed at least 30 children 

Flu virus killing more than 100 people per week

China's birthrate dropped despite allowing 2-child families

In spending fight, GOP embraces Trump's hard-line immigration stand

Joe Biden's niece finally pays up for $100K credit card scam

Pennsylvania man performed 'satanic ritual' on passed-out woman, police say

Boys charged after vandalism killed half a million bees

Kodak Black arrested on weapons, child neglect charges

A look at the lives of 13 siblings held captive in a house full of chains — and what comes next

Prosecutors to seek death penalty in Chinese scholar's kidnap

Newly released Clinton emails include classified messages, show knowledge of security problems: watchdog

Trump Jr.: Russia probe a 'witch hunt, probably the greatest since the Salem Witch Trials'

6.3 magnitude earthquake hits off Mexico coast

The Trump Economy, One Year In: A Success By All Measures

Disability Rolls Tumble As Economy Gains Steam

Russian lawyer at center of controversial Trump Tower meeting dismisses dossier

Energy Prices  

Malfunction triggers sirens at North Carolina nuclear plant, authorities say

30 days in prison for throwing snowballs – at cops (Norway)

FBI launches inquiry into Missouri governor

Democrats shut government down, but they're still struggling to explain why

Terror link to Vegas shooting? 'Credible,' says congressman

Congress misses deadline to prevent shutdown

ICE director hits back at Calif. Dems over possible raids: 'We are enforcing laws Congress enacted'

California's bullet train (and biggest boondoggle) is over budget by billions

Mahmoud Abbas just got exactly what he asked for (“Palestinian” Authority Chairman Mahmoud Abbas)

Vice President Pence heads to the Middle East with prospects for peace deal all but dashed

Fired ‘Megyn Kelly Today' writer claims bullying at NBC News

LA Times chief on leave after claims of "frat-boy" conduct

The media just can't stop making themselves look worse than Trump

The nation's first Medicaid work rules loom, and many in Kentucky fear losing coverage

Sally C. Pipes: Free Marketers Should Use 2018 To Lay The Foundation For Medicare Reform

Defense Department braces for government shutdown

Shulkin clarifies marijuana comments: VA can study the drug, but won't

Damaged Navy ship arrives in Mississippi for repairs

Family: Tom Petty died of accidental drug overdose

Astronauts reassigned in surprise crew shuffle

Las Vegas shooter's computer was loaded up with child porn

Televangelist Kenneth Copeland thanks donors, Jesus for buying him a private jet

Russia offers U.S. olive branch after criticizing policies

Olympic Officials Clear Nearly 400 Russians to Compete

SEC Deregulation Would Save Shareholders Time And Money

Corker says Senate leaders on verge of deal  (US Senator of New Jersey Cory Booker (D)

Senate Democrats Kill Bill to Keep Government Open Past Midnight

Sen. Rand Paul's neighbor faces felony charge  (US Senator of Kentucky Rand Paul (R)

Getting Tough on Sex Traffickers

Twitter suspends more than 1,000 Russia-linked accounts

In a major change, Facebook will ask its 2 billion users to rank their trust in news organizations in news feed

#TrumpShutdown becomes top trending hashtag worldwide

Halladay had morphine in his system during deadly plane crash

MLB players' union balks at proposed 20-second pitch clock, mound-visit limits

Joe Namath ready to take on his ‘toughest game yet'

Jets WR Robby Anderson arrested in Florida on slew of charges

Tom Brady is acting really strange over his injury

 NHL Scoreboard

NBA Scoreboard

Idaho House members applaud man involved in Bundy standoff

3 dead, 6 injured in Kentucky boat explosion

Idaho state employees are currently paid using a system built in the '80s

Supreme Court announces it will rule on Trump's travel ban

Syria Is Now Mr. Trump's War

ISIS commander from the Jersey shore called out by mom: ‘He hated people'

When Trade Talks Can Cure Disease

The pope asks for forgiveness on sex abuse. But he refuses to act.


Friday, January 19, 2018

Corker says Senate leaders on verge of deal  (US Senator of New Jersey Cory Booker (D

Senate Democrats Kill Bill to Keep Government Open Past Midnight

Government shutdown looms as McConnell sets vote to break filibuster on spending bill  (Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Kentucky)-+

Saturday, January 20, 2018

Personal Health

For more information, visit the E-Newsbriefing and the Israel-Palestinian Arab Conflict Briefing 


Welcome to
The American Voice Institute
of Public Policy

with Daily News
and Information
about Federal Policy
and Legislation
Affecting Today's American Family.

About the Institute
American Voice Blogs the Issues
July 3, 2017
Israeli"Palestinian" Arab Conflict Briefing
January 19, 2018
19, 2018

New! Capitol Hill Watch Alert
June 26, 2017

Capitol Hill Review

January 17, 2018
Press Releases
July 14, 2015

NEW! Personal Health
January 20, 2018
Truth is the Bottom Line
November 7, 2011

Contact Information

The Western Wall (Kotel)

Hurricane Center

Anti-Semitism in America
Remembering Auschwitz

CNN Boycott (October 24)
From the President's Desk
Issues 2006 (January 30)  
On the Record (November 4)
On the Record
Policy Communiqué (May 14)

Working with concerned citizens across America to bring
about positive changes in all three branches of government

          LEGISLATIVE                  JUDICIAL                  EXECUTIVE

Preserving America's Past to Protect Her Future


American FreedomThe American Flag

The American Nation
and Her People

From their earliest
Americans sought

The Founding
made the dream
of freedom
a reality
with the signing
of the
of Independence
238 years ago
and the
against England
that followed.

Today we still
enjoy these freedoms.
And although
have tried
to destroy
our spirit and
our way of life,
we stand
ready again
to defend

May God
remind us
of our past
prepare us
for our future.

God Bless America.

God Bless America,
Land that I love.

Stand beside her
and guide her
Through the night
with the light
from above.

From the mountains
to the prairies
To the oceans
white with foam.

God bless America,
My Home Sweet Home.

God bless America,
My Home Sweet Home.

Don't miss
The American Voice Institute's
unprecedented sources
of the latest
current events...

American Voice Institute

Keep informed about current affairs with news clips of breaking stories in the media affecting issues of concern to you. To read the latest E-Newsbriefing, Click Here.

To view this month's archived E-Newsbriefing issues, Click Here.


Don't Miss These Additional Updates...

Issues 2004 (October 8)
From the President's Desk (November 20, 2006)
Personal Health (February 6, 2012)
New! On the Record (Congressional Voting
Record, 2nd session)
(November 1)

Religious Liberty Report (August 25)
Capitol Hill Watch Alert

(June 19, 2007)

Capitol Hill Review (April 16, 2007)
New! Press Releases (January 21)

Israeli/Palestinian Arab Conflict

The American Voice Institute of Public Policy has analyzed bills brought to a vote in the Senate and the House of Representatives during

On the Record

The American Voice Institute of Public Policy has analyzed bills brought to a vote in the Senate and the House of Representatives during the 2nd session of the 107th Congress. Several bills have been highlighted for their impact on the American family and their correlation with the issues of the American Voice Institute of Public Policy. To view this analysis, click here.
Personal HealthPersonal Health is a listing of the latest articles on today's medical research and discoveries. Look through the articles to find information helpful for the entire family. To view the latest Personal Health, Click Here.To view this month's archived Personal Health issues, Click Here.
Capitol Hill Watch AlertLet your voice be heard on Capitol Hill. Follow the latest legislation up for vote on Capitol Hill and let your Congressman and Senators know how you want them to vote.

Revive Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007 (S.1348) [Amnesty for Illegal aliens!] (June 19, 2007) Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007 (S.1348) [Amnesty for Illegal aliens!] (May 18, 2007)Matthew Shepard Local Law Enforcement Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2007 (May 12, 2007)Request for a Congressional Investigation into the Activities of US Senator of California Dianne Feinstein (March 29, 2007) District of Columbia Fair and Equal House Voting Rights Act of 2007 (H.R.328) (March 22, 2007)Improving America's Security by Implementing Unfinished Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (S. 4)
(March 7 , 2007) Disapproving of the Decision of the President Announced on January 10, 2007, to Deploy more than 20,000 Additional United States Combat Troops to Iraq (H.Con.Res. 63) (February 14, 2007) Congressional Pardon for Border Patrol Agents Ramos and Compean Act (H.R. 563) (February 12 , 2007) Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007 (H.R. 2) (January 21, 2007) Archived Action Alerts

Capitol Hill Review Review a summary of the legislation voted on during the last month on Capitol Hill, and check out the voting record of your own congressman and senators. To view Capitol Hill Review, click here.

Policy Issue Updates

Keep informed of the issues making news today through the American Voice Institute policy briefs:

To view briefs from the American Voice Institute of Public Policy, click here

Religious Liberty...
An American Heritage

Everyday, religious liberties are being challenged across America. Read about citizens who are fighting back to preserve their freedom of religion.

To view archived Religious Liberty articles, Click Here


New from the
American Voice Institute of Public Policy...

Issues 2006

Democrats Want a
Judicial Activist
Like Justice Ginsburg
on the Supreme Court,
Not a Constructionist
Like Judge Alito

Audio Policy
from Dr. Rutkowski

Senator Kerry, More Rhetoric Than Substance In The Presidential Debates

A Message from the President's Desk
(September 4, 2004)


IN AUDIO A Message from the President's Desk
(February 28, 2005)

A Delusional Mideast Peace Process

The American Voice Institute Introduces a NEW Publication...

Policy Communique' Each repoCongressional Hate Crime Legislation Is An Attempt to Regulate Freedom of Speech
(May 12, 2007)
Infanticide Upheld by Courts Rulings
(February 6, 2006)

Senator Durbin's Anti-American Rhetoric Emboldens Terrorists — It's Time for Him to Resign

(June 17, 2005)

John Bolton — UN
Ambassador Nominee
(March 15, 2005)

Expect Status Quo from Rice at the State Department

December 1, 2004)

The False Promises of Embryonic Stem Cell Research
(November 1, 2004)

Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Rejected by U.S. Courts Again - A Sign of Trouble in the Judicial Branch of the U.S. Government
(September 27 , 2004)

President Embraces Condom Use to Prevent AIDS (July 13 , 2004)

America Needs a President to Act Like Churchill, Not a Comedian Like Robin Williams (March 31, 2004)

Congress Approves Experimental D.C. Voucher Program (February 6, 2004)

Manifestations of Antisemitism in the EU (December 4, 2003)

Press Releases

Bennett Amendment Stops Senates Unconstitutional Attack on Free Speech
(January 21, 2007)

Higher Taxes on Energy Companies Passes House

(January 19 , 2007 )

Do Nothing, Feel Good Student Loan Interest Bill Passes House

January 19, 2007 )

To view additional press releases from the American Voice Institute of Public Policy,
click here.Issues 2004Senator Kerry, More Rhetoric Than Substance in The Presidential Debates More Lies, Distortions, and Hypocrisy from Senator Kerry on Iraq

Israel Should Not Be Condemned for Fighting Terrorism

Middle East Roadmap to Peace

Partial Birth Abortion

From the President's

President Bush and Supporters of Open Borders - Third World U.S., click here

Archived Issues, click here.

Issues That Concern

Partial Birth Abortion... School Vouchers... The 2nd Amendment... Education Internet Gambling... Pornography Religious Liberty... Health Care Reform Social Security... Tax Relief for Families National Defense... Stem Cell Research

Just a sampling of topics
addressed by the American Voice Institute of Public Policy.

American Voice Institute of Public Policy Mission Statement

The American Voice Institute of Public Policy is committed to educating American citizens to effectively communicate their convictions on policy issues.The American Voice Institute of Public Policy provides resources about the principles of limited government, free market economics, liberty, enduring morals and private property. As citizens across the nation are educated and trained, the American Voice Institute of Public Policy wil play an active role in preserving the heritage of liberty upon which this nation was founded.

Copyright 2018: The American Voice Institute of Public Policy